XPS Administration - IBM Pension Trust

Limits on How Much You Can Save

Updated on 26 May 2021

You have to stay within limits set by HM Revenue & Customs to benefit from tax relief on your pension savings. The DB Plan Cap and the M Plan Cap also restrict what salary you can pay certain contributions on.

  • The DB Plan Cap and the M Plan Cap are limits set by the Trustee; they restrict how much you can contribute to your pension in a given year.
  • The Annual Allowance is a limit set by HMRC; you will have to pay tax on contributions you make over the Annual Allowance.
  • The Lifetime Allowance is a limit set by HMRC; you will have to pay tax when you draw your benefits if the total cash value of your pension arrangements exceeds the Lifetime Allowance.

DB and M Plan Cap

The DB Plan Cap and the M Plan Cap restrict the contributions to and the benefits paid from your pension.

If you joined your Defined Benefit pension plan on or after 1 June 1989 (C.I or DSL only), Enhanced M Plan Smart* contributions are restricted to the M Plan cap. 

The employer contribution for joiners on or after 1 June 1989 is subject to the DB Plan cap.  If your pensionable earnings are in excess of the DB Plan cap, the credit from the Company will be 8% of your pensionable earnings over and above this Cap up to the M Plan cap.

Members that joined any of the Defined Benefit pension plans before 1 June 1989 are not restricted by either Cap.

Tax year DB Plan Cap M Plan Cap
2021/2022
£172,800
£345,600
2020/2021
£170,400
£340,800
2019/2020
£166,200
£332,400
2018/2019
£160,800
£321,600
2017/2018 £154,200
£308,400
2016/2017
£150,600
£301,200
2015/2016
£149,400
£298,800

 

The Annual Allowance

HMRC sets an annual limit on how much you can save into your pensions before you pay tax. You will have to pay tax on your excess contributions at your usual tax rate if you pay in more than the Annual Allowance.

To calculate whether you have exceeded the Annual Allowance in any tax year, you need to know the amount of your pension savings (also known as Pension Input Amount) and the Pension Input Period. The Pension Input Period is the same as the tax year so it runs 6 April to 5 April. The value of the growth in your DB pension needs to be included, in addition to the amount of pension contributions you have made within the Pension Input Period.

The Annual Allowance applies to ALL pension savings you make in the year, not just those into your Retirement Account.

Tax year Annual Allowance
2021/2022 £40,000
2020/2021
£40,000
2019/2020
£40,000
2018/2019
£40,000
2017/2018
£40,000
2016/2017
£40,000
2015/2016*
£80,000

 

From April 2016 onwards, the Annual Allowance will be tapered for ‘adjusted incomes’ over £150,000 by £1 for every £2. So, the Annual Allowance will range from £40,000 for adjusted incomes of up to £150,000, to £10,000 at adjusted income levels of £210,000 and above. This doesn’t apply to you if you have a ‘threshold income’ of £110,000 or lower. For definitions of the two different types of income please refer to the Annual Allowance Factsheet

*The 2015/2016 tax year was split into two periods for Annual Allowance purposes – 6 April 2015 to 8 July 2015 and 9 July 2015 to5 April 2016. The Annual Allowance for the first period was £80,000 and up to £40,000 could be carried forward to the second period, and this needed to be used before any carry forward from earlier periods.

If you exceed the Annual Allowance, you may be able to ‘carry forward’ unused allowance from the previous three tax years.

The Lifetime Allowance

The Lifetime Allowance is the total cash value of all your pension arrangements.

You will have to pay tax on the excess if the value of your benefits when you draw them is more than the Lifetime Allowance. Any State Pension, State Pension Credit or any spouse’s, civil partner’s or dependant’s pension are not included in the Lifetime Allowance.

Tax year Lifetime Allowance
2021/2022 £1.0731m
2020/2021
£1.0731m
2019/2020
£1.055m
2018/2019 £1.03m
2017/2018
£1m
2016/2017
£1m
2015/2016
£1.25m

 

You may be able to apply retrospectively for HMRC protection from reductions in the Lifetime Allowance. Find out more on the GOV.UK website.

Lifetime Allowance Factsheet.

You should seek independent financial advice if you need help with tax and your pension savings. Find out more about choosing a financial adviser on the Money Advice Service website.

Updated on 26 May 2021